Tag Archives: web review

3D Printing ecosystem

Today let’s have a look at the 3D printing ecosystem. In previous posts, I’ve covered specific points like online communities, 3D scanners and the evolution of manufacturing that led to 3D printing. This will be a global overview of all important actors that have stakes in additive manufacturing.

An Ecosystem, Really?

An interesting aspect of 3D printing is that it’s spreading everywhere. Individuals and businesses are exploring and using it alike. Individuals population is restricted right now to makers/hackers/doers but it will hopefully change overtime.

Speaking of makers, we went to the Maker fair this weekend in the bay area. And this year Formlabs was participating, and I have to say the quality of the prints was stunning! And this morning I just received the confirmation that my printer is being shipped so I’ll post update as soon as I get it.

Now let’s start with this ecosystem! I’ve split it in 4 areas with:

  1. The needs : why would you even consider it?
  2. The software : How to do generate the input data file?
  3. The hardware : Nature of the beast!
  4. The users : with a distinction between Individuals and the business side.

3dPrinting_ecosystem

1/ The Needs

For professionals rapid prototyping is a great way to visualize early in the development process any design. But in some case it ca also be used to manufacture one of a kind mechanical piece that would be impossible or too expensive to mold or machine from a piece of metal.

Because 3D printer are not yet main stream, right now only technical inclined individuals (doers/makers) will have the patience to tweak a printer. They will use it to create things like games, repair household, learning tools, arts or even print any crazy projects! Note that manufacturers are really trying hard to make these printer easy to use, so the population capable of using one will increase.

needs_pictures
Sources [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]

2/ Software

Without models, a 3d printer is not really useful. Professionals have access to complete CAD software or modelers that costs thousands and need an extensive training. They can also acquire a scene/object using 3D scanners.

Individuals have simpler and mostly free tools available, some of then browser base to create new shapes. Some services like 123D let them rebuild a geometry from a series of picture. Note that most of the pro software are available for free or cheap provided you are or know a student willing to lend his name 🙂

software_pictures

3/ Hardware

Now the range of printer available is only limited by your budget. Each printer can go from $100ks to a few hundreds for the cheap FDM kits.

Professional have access to cindering machine that can print metal/ceramic on very large volumes. The cheap printers are today limited to filament extrusion but there is a intermediate class of device (for prosumer) few $k offers very nice accuracy like the Form 1 stereolithography printer.

printer_pictures
Sources [1], [2], [3], [4]

4/ Users

As for the 3D printing world actors, there is a consolidation going on to group the resources.  Some R&D centers that have a printer for themselves but, like machine shops, it does not make sense (yet) for every business to have a printer in house. So website are proposing a printing service on a large selection of material. These website are even trying to attract casual/pro designers that can expose their creation and let people order them with a markup. Printer manufacturers are also creating online communities to let user upload design. Thingiverse is one of the biggest community and very useful to find preexisting models.

users_pictures

Here is my view of the 3D printing ecosystem, if you have any comments please comment!

[<<Prev. – Mass customization Age]    [3D Printer articles]   [Giant Dice! – Next>>]

Web review : 3D scanners

Today’s topic is 3D scanner with a few products of page that I’ve collected these past few weeks.

My interest for 3D scanners was the normal follow-up to my investment in the Form1 printer. While Formlab (builder of the printer) has been hit by a Patent troll suit and the updates are rare since the project is funded I’m still hoping to get it before summer. But what good is a printer without the ability to reproduce complex shapes, especially considering that stereo lithography offers a stunning accuracy? The only issue is that I’m not an artist and I won’t be able to model organic shapes any time soon unless I want to start an horror gallery. So I took the other options:

  1. Learn to use modern CAD software, an thanks to the student licenses it can be really cheap (I will do a post on that topic in the near future). But that’s really oriented toward modeling relatively geometric shapes like my puzzles and the whole process is lengthy.
  2. The other option is to capture the data from the real world, thus the 3D scanner. And this is opening a whole new big world as XKCD perfectly capture it.

The hobby and academic scene has been on the subject with various approaches and it seems the number of solution is exploding these days. I’m sure it’s correlated to the 3D printing trend as as most of the world is not artist nor has the time to wait for a manual modeling.

I will start with the maker/hacker site Hackaday that propose articles on how to tweak anything to enhance the functionality or even in this case how to build a simple but effective 3D scanner in a Day! It’s an amazing feat using some ‘junk’ (including a tv rotary table and a barcode scanner) to reach this functionality. It gives me hope on my own project, even if I’m aiming to a more complex measuring scheme.

On the theory side entire courses with the scanning theory are available with a nice difference between the structural line scanning (projecting a gray code pattern with a projector) or the split scanner type (projecting a laser line or a shadow on the object).

On the free as in beer option, David 3D scanner offers a full reconstruction software that could work with a minimal investment. After printing a calibration background and a line scanner you can use your PC webcam to start scanning.

An other relatively cheap alternative could be to have a look at the new software library package (see at minute 50 in the video) that will be released for the Kinect sensor by Microsoft. Or the reconstruction from real pictures with 123D software.

After there are “key in hand” solutions around a few k$  that flourish on Kickstarter. Lynx A camera for example is really a Kinect mounted in big fablet (acronym for fat-tablet). I have to say seeing the size of this thing the real benefit is really only the ease and the fact that you can capture a room/object with texture in one swipe. For more accuracy on small object you can go with the desktop scanner from CADScan…

And now, the best (sic) for the end. Where the crazy meets the hype! Who has never dream to have his own action figure on his desk? But I’d rather have my scan translated to a gummy bear so that I could eat the shameful evidence as soon as I receive it 🙂

[<< prev – 3D Scanner introduction] [3D Scanner articles] [Scanner architecture – Next>>]

Web review – 3D online communities

When scouring the web searching information I usually spot interesting articles or web sites so I’ve decided to make a recurring series with mostly links and comments.  Some of these articles are not ‘fresh’ from last week I’m just pushing them as I find them!

For the first review I will concentrate on the big 3D printing communities. Most of them are centered around a commercial product or service (Note that I’m not affiliated to any of these service)

http://www.3ders.org/ seems to be one of the largest news aggregator around 3D printing, they also have a nice section on printer and filaments.

– There is a multitude of online 3D printing services (like shapeways and ponoko) where anyone can upload their design and have it printed in multiple materials (plastics/metal/ceramic) and colors. This online 3D printer store has a great table that list most of these service. To attract creators these sites let anyone create a ‘shop’ where one can share their designs and decide the price markup for each item. Supposedly this is the new gold rush where designers are pushing to build up a name and earn millions

– An other type of communities are built by companies in the business. Examples are Thingiverse (selling the maker bot printer) or 123D app by Autodesk to promote their 3D modeling from pictures. I personally uses Thingiverse as it’s a convenient way to share my designs and find ideas or ready made/shares models.

– The last kind of communities and the less commercial oriented are the Makers/Hackers. These are individual that are doing things on their own for fun and profit. Build things for their family and friends or maybe just themselves and more importantly share their passion. It can range from needle works and crafts with Etsy to hacker spaces where a community is assembling heavy industial machines, train their members and run workshops to learn new skills. Everyone is encouraged to do their own project and learn from other fellow members.  There are also place like techshop that are a large warehouse with basically anything to build your stuff (for quite a healthy monthly fee…). This community reunites during the maker faires events.

That’s all for this week, if you have any other site to recommend please post a comment!